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Wing Chun forms

Grandmaster Yip Man's Wing Chun style consists of three bare-handed forms, a wooden dummy form and two armed forms. Leading and sticky hands practices are also important into which one can insert the moves of the forms and give basis to efficient self-defence skills. Actually this is how the student learns the correct usage of movements in the forms.

 

Siu Nin Tao, "Little Idea"

The first form includes Wing Chun's most basic hand techniques; these are the foundations of Wing Chun skills for the student on which he/she may build. The form consists of 108 moves which have to be performed from the base position - also known as "the stall stance" and it is also necessary to execute the form without the turn of the hip and the change of the position. This way the practiser learns the relaxation his body and the fast, surprising hits along with a properly achievement of a stable stance and remaining in that stance. Many people would like to quickly overstep this form but the careful students experience that the more this form is practised the more possibilities does it offer and with time "hidden" applications can be discovered as well. Because of this, it is not enough to only get acquainted with the form and its technical repertoire but the form should be executed with great precision and as a high-level skill.

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You can look at the full form in the „Siu Nim Tao in pictures" submenu.


Chum Kiu, "Bridge Search"

The second form teaches the translation of position, the changing of directions, distance, and increasing the power of punch. Its name indicates that it implies techniques with which we are capable to bridge-building that is we can get into a contact with our adversary in order to be allowed to apply the sticky hands and this gives a very efficient tool to our possession which made Wing Chun as famous as it is. Besides, Cham Kiu as a form teaches two kinds of kicks and stepping out.

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A Cham Kiu application

Biu Jee, "Flying Fingers"

The last bare-handed form, Biu Jee, was once only passed on to the closest students. It looks like a charging, energetic form, but actually the student learns special skills that utilize joint energy ("short strength"), the neutralization of the pulling and pushing energies and the "bridge theft". Nowadays this form is slightly mystificated but in truth how there is no mystery in this one. Actually, the Wing Chun fighter uses the first two form (Siu Nim Tao and Cham Kiu) as his fighting technical substance in 99 percents of the cases and he/she only uses the substance of the Biu Jee form if he ruined something very much early on and he/she got into a tight situation because of this. This is why they tend to call Biu Jee a first aid form from time to time.

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The wooden dummy form

Although the student may start the usage of the wooden dummy at the beginning of the practice to strengthen the forearm and drill with the techniques, there is a specific wooden dummy practice which consists 108 moves. The form includes many secession techniques, along with low kicks and characteristic Wing Chun techniques. Actually the wooden dummy is an ideal practising device in Wing Chun. It is never missing, it is never tired, and it is always ready for a little practice.

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Weapons

Two armed forms, "the six and a half point stick" and "the eight cuts of the Sword" complement the bare handed Wing Chun. The weapon turns into the prolongation of the arms by using the same basic principles and techniques. Although the proper usage of weapons constituted an important part of self-defence once, in modern times nobody walks the streets with two metre sixty centimetre long sticks or with two wide-bladed short swords. Nevertheless, these weapons also have important practical role until nowadays in Wing Chun because the armed training helps to improve the bare-handed techniques and skills, providing great advantages for the students.

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